Computer – Assisted Instruction short name CAI

Computer - Assisted Instruction

“Computers offer the possibility of truly individualized instruction.” by Donal Bitzer

Today computers can be used to teach young children ‘how to add up’, government employees ‘how to speak a foreign language’ and even medical students ‘how to dissect a human body’. The idea of using a computer as an educational tool or e-learning, is often seen as a recent innovation, whereas it has existed, at least in concept, for quite some time. By the end of the 1950s, computers were being used educationally by such early innovations as IBM and the University of Illinois.

In 1960, Donald Bitzer was concerned about the number of illiterate students coming out of schools. When a professor posed a simple question in class one day about the use of computers for teaching, Bitzer took up the task. He designed one of the learning systems specifically for computers which used graphics and touch-sensitive screens. Dubbed “Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operation,” or PLATO, for short, it was ideal medium for teaching as well as for games and social networking. Along with an associated computer language known as TUTOR, it allowed simultaneous teaching to a great many users at the same time. As if the creation of computer-assisted learning were not enough, Bitzer also coin vented the plasma screen panel in 1971 for which they won an Emmy Award for technical achievements in 2002.

Computer Assisted Instruction-
Use of computer in education is referred by many names such as

• Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI)
• Computer Aided Instruction (CAI)
• Computer Assisted Learning (CAL)
• Computer Based Education (CBE)
• Computer Based Instruction (CBI)
• Computer Enriched Instruction (CEI)
• Computer Managed Instruction (CMI)

New Terminology-

• Web Based Training
• Web Based Learning
• Web Based Instruction

A self-learning technique, usually offline/online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials. Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) is an interactive instructional technique whereby a computer is used to present the instructional material and monitor the learning that takes place.


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